Strategic Prevention Framework

Common Risk and Protective Factors
Common Risk & Protective Factors

Risk Factors are circumstances that increase the likelihood of a problematic outcome.

Protective Factors are circumstances that decrease the likelihood of a problematic outcome.

The circumstances can be at the societal level, the community level, the relationship level or the individual level.

Researchers have combed data sources and developed sets of risk and protective factors for various outcomes including substance abuse, problem gambling, suicide, and mental health disorders like depression.

Many problematic outcomes have risk and protective factors in common with each other. Therefore, if we as prevention advocates work to decrease risk factors and increase protective factors, we may be able to address multiple problematic outcomes at once and support broad improvements in societal well-being.

Here is a list of shared risk and protective factors from SAMHSA's Center for the Application of Prevention Technologies