Kansas Prevention Collaborative Evidence - Based Strategies Matrix

Created on 11/9/2018 by DCCCA; Revised by the EBSW in July, 2019

Table of Contents

The Evidence-Based Strategies (EBS) Matrix has been developed in partnership with Kansas Substance Abuse Prevention Coalitions, the Kansas Prevention Collaborative, and the Kansas Department of Aging and Disability Services.

Introduction

The Evidence Based Strategies Matrix has been developed by the Kansas Evidence Based Strategies Workgroup (EBSW). The EBSW’s purpose is to support Kansans through promoting the use of evidence-based strategies to better integrate promotion, prevention, treatment, and recovery services. The matrix is offered to the public with community coalitions in mind as a tool to support planning for effective and comprehensive prevention efforts. This matrix offers a blend of environmental strategies and curricula-based prevention education programs. This matrix does not encompass every evidence-based prevention strategy available to communities. Stakeholders may research and select other strategies that align better with identified risk and protective factors. It is important to select strategies that have appropriate fit and approval from designated funding sources. If you have questions about strategies that will be approved for implementation, please contact the appropriate funder for your initiative.

Evidence-Based Strategies

Evidence-based prevention strategies (programs, practices, and policies) are validated by documented evidence of effectiveness. The Kansas EBSW has adopted the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention’s (CSAP’s)/Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA’s) three tiers of criteria for determining if a strategy is evidence-based (https://www.hcpcme.org/pubadmin/health/SPEP/CSAP4p56_Guidance_Jan04_2007.pdf).

 

Tier 1 – Strategy appears on a national registry of evidence-based strategies

 

Tier 2 – Strategy appears in a peer reviewed publication with positive effects

 

Tier 3 – Strategy includes documented effectiveness that is supported by other sources of information and the consensus judgment of informed experts

Other Anticipated Uses of the EBS Matrix

Other possible uses for this document by the State of Kansas and communities could include those outlined in the PEW Charitable Trusts report “How States Engage in Evidence-Based Policymaking – A national assessment”, such as:

 

1) Distinguishing proven programs from those without evaluated effectiveness

2) Inventorying programs to manage resources strategically

3) Comparing program costs and benefits to calculate return on investment

4) Prioritize funds

5) Help implement and expand proven approaches

6) Sustain support for evidence-based policymaking

Assessing Evidence-Based Policymaking in the States

Also provided here as recommended guidance for States is Figure 2: Assessing Evidence-Based Policymaking in the States which outlines six actions of evidence-based policymaking.

Community Fit, Feasibility, and Sustainability

Meeting criteria for “evidence-based” does not guarantee effectiveness in all communities. Communities are also expected to select strategies that meet their unique assessed needs, capacity (readiness and resources), community fit, feasibility, cultural fit, and sustainability.

 

–  Strategies meeting “community fit” are anticipated to yield the desired objectives and long-term outcomes, match the population to be served, and address the prioritized risk factors of that specific community. 

 

–  Feasibility refers to the process of evaluating a community’s readiness and resources for implementation such that the strategy can be integrated into ongoing operations and at times normalized as standard practice.

 

–  Sustainability is critical in selecting a strategy to implement as a community would be most strategic in selecting interventions that they have the ability to start and continue long-term.

 

Figure 3 (Process Description: Selecting Best Fit Prevention Interventions) below provides a visual summary of the process coalitions are recommended to complete from demonstrating conceptual fit to practical fit and then to evidence of effectiveness before selecting the strategy of best fit for each community.

Source: Identifying and Selecting Evidence-Based Interventions – Guidance Document for the Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant Program. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; www.samhsa.gov. January, 2007.